Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Summary, Thesis and Reader Response (Final Draft)

The article The Concrete Advantagetaken from the Green Rooftop website provides readers the advantages and disadvantages of concrete green roof. According to the article, the process of design, construction and maintenance will be shortened in projects using waterproof concrete as membranes are not required for the development. This in turn leads to higher work efficiency and reduces the overall cost of the project. On the other hand, the article mentions that despite the countless benefits of waterproof concretes, their greatest flaws are high construction costs.

The article also mentions that the waterproof concrete contains permanent ""built in"" waterproofing elements that cannot be damaged or torn during service. This will improve project feasibility as regular maintenance is not required. Cracks can also be repaired quickly with a simple inoculation from the bottom side of the green roof deck, which does not disrupt growing medium or plants. With fewer exposure risk for owners and designers, such green roofs are more economical which boosts returns on investment and project value. In addition, this hydrophobic technology removes dangerous element for the designer and owner of a green roof, increases financial viability, and enhances owner acceptance. While the benefits of waterproof concrete are clearly stated in this article, the lack of an analysis on the disadvantages of waterproof concrete and the different types of waterproof concrete admixtures makes the article less reliable and incomplete.

The first reason is because the article did not discuss the disadvantages of waterproof concrete. According to “The Concrete Advantage (2016), there is not a single concrete mixture that offers 100% waterproofing. In addition, although waterproof concrete may produce many positive results, it may not be suitable for certain applications. For example, it is not applicable to areas subjected to bending movement and vibrations as the materials used are not flexible (Cementitious Waterproofing, 1996). Research studies have also discovered that concrete produced with hydrophobic chemical admixtures could theoretically resist some hydrostatic pressure (Waterproofing Admixtures For Concrete, 2012). However, as not all pores are uniformly coated with the waterproof material, such concrete is not classified as permeability-reducing admixture exposed to hydrostatic conditions (Hooker, 2012). Therefore selecting the right type of concrete mixture is important as it affects the product performance. From the discussion above, it is clearly shown that waterproof concrete has its limitations.

This article is also incomplete as it did not describe the various types of concrete waterproof admixtures. It only discussed the features and benefits of green roofs in generaal.  Research studies have shown that integral concrete hydrophobic systems generally consist of three kinds of admixtures, namely: densifiers, water repellents and crystalline (Yuers, 2011). Although these three waterproof materials might have the same functions, they each have their own limitations. By comparing all three, the article would leave the readers a better understanding of their characteristics respectively. 

In conclusion, while this article provides the main advantages of waterproof concrete, it lacks of an analysis of the limitations and description of the waterproof green concrete. It is important to know a product in detail so as to evaluate its efficiency and to allow for improvements. Generally, waterproof green concrete has more benefits than disadvantages. Hence, it is widely used worldwide.


Cementitious Waterproofing. (1996). Retrieved September 25, 2016, from

Hooker.K. (2012). Waterproofing admixtures for concrete. Retrieved September 25, 2016 from
The Concrete Advantage. Retrieved September 20, 2016, from

Yuers.K. (2011). Understanding The Pros & Cons of Crystalline Waterproofing Retrieved September 22, 2016, from

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